How Often Should Newborn Goats Poop?

If you are a beginner or a master, every goat breeder should know what to look for in their newborn goats’ bowel movements. You should know how often they poop, and what their poop should look like depending on their age.

Newborn goats should poop after every feeding. In the beginning, baby goats will urinate more frequently than they poop. At first, the bowel movements will be dark green and then change to a yellow color as they get older. Once solid food is introduced, the poop will form into pellets.

How old should the goats be when their poop starts to change? Why is their poop almost black in the beginning? Keep reading to find out more about baby goat poop.

Newborn Goats Typical Bowel Movements

It is most common for a newborn to poop after each feeding, whether that be from the mother or from a bottle. Because the kid is so young, it is best to feed them small, frequent meals if you are bottle feeding. Because of the small, constant meals, they poop often in the beginning. As they get older, the kids will eat more at one time, and less frequently throughout the day. They will poop more at a time as well, and also less often.

So, now that you know how often your newborn goat should be passing its poop, you should probably know what else to look for, and what goat poop should look like at different ages.

The first bowel movement, called the meconium, should be a dark green color, almost black. This dark, thick, tar-like stool is surprisingly mostly odorless. You should see the meconium be passed a few times within the first 1-3 days after birth.

“Unlike later feces, meconium is composed of materials ingested during the time the infant spends in the uterus: intestinal epithelial cells, lanugo, mucus, amniotic fluid, bile, and water. . . When diluted in amniotic fluid, it may appear in various shades of green, brown, or yellow. It should be completely passed by the end of the first few days after birth, with the stools progressing toward yellow.”


After the meconium has passed, the poo will turn into thick, yellow pellet logs and last about two weeks. This poop is similar to the meconium but is yellowish in color because the kid is now exclusively drinking milk. Unlike the meconium, this yellow poop will smell similar to sour milk. It is quite sticky, and if the mom goat does not clean up her babies, then you might need to clean around the anus to make sure the dried poop doesn’t cause any blockage.

When the kids are around 10 to 20 days old, their poop will change as their digestive system grows and develops further. In the next stage, the poop will change from pudding-like to berry-like. If you have started to introduce food such as hay or grain, then the poop will be darker in color.

Once the kid begins eating solid foods, the poo will turn into brown pellets. This will happen around 2-4 weeks old. This means that the digestive system is fully developed and your kid is now having grown-up poops. You should be so proud!

Unusual Bowel Movements You Should Look Out For

Yellow, watery scours, or watery diarrhea, that occurs within the first 1-14 days is a sign that something is wrong with your baby goat. This is typically caused by too rich milk or too much milk and can cause your kid to become dehydrated. You can fix this by not feeding your kid as much, and by using a milk substitute.

If the watery scours are smelly, and brown or green in color, then something may be wrong with your kid’s digestive tract. If there is blood in the scour, then you need to consult a veterinarian immediately.

If your kid is having green, smelly diarrhea, but it’s not watery, then your goat probably has some kind of infection. Infections can be treated with antibiotics, and you should administer those as quickly as you can. This typically happens after the kid is over 20 days old.

Constipation is the next issue and usually occurs within the first two weeks. Read below for more information about constipation.

What Should I Do if I Think My Kid is Constipated?

It might be hard to know if your baby goat is pooping or not. Maybe you just missed it, or maybe the mom has been cleaning up after her babies and you aren’t sure if they have pooped recently. No matter what, constipation can be a big issue and should not be treated lightly.

Signs of constipation can include:

  • The kid is not as active as its siblings. While its siblings bop around, this kid seems “off.”
  • The kid may get up and down, wagging its tail. It seems uncomfortable, almost like a doe in labor.
  • When a kid lays down, it may stretch out its hind legs. It’s straining to poop.
  • The kid will have decreased appetite. It cannot digest any more milk.
  • Especially if it’s been a while, the kid may be hunched up. Its belly will be tight. If you palpate under their hip-bones, you may be able to feel a firm lump in the intestines.

If you are worried at all that your baby goat is constipated, you should take action. Untreated constipation can cause a build-up of toxic waste inside of the kid and can make them sick. An enema is the best way to treat blockage in your goats. It is recommended to combine warm water and mineral oil or dawn dish soap and insert 5ccs of the solution into the anus of the kid using an oral medicine syringe, or any kind of syringe that doesn’t have a needle. Make sure to insert only the tip of the syringe so you don’t damage the walls of the anus.

After administering the enema, rub the kid’s belly and try to get it to run around and be active. Repeat this process until all poop has passed and only water comes out.

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